Experiments are the step in the scientific method that arbitrates between competing models or hypotheses.[1][2] Experimentation is also used to test existing theories or new hypotheses in order to support them or disprove them.[3][4] An experiment or test can be carried out using the scientific method to answer a question or investigate a problem. First an observation is made. Then a question is asked, or a problem arises. Next, a hypothesis is formed. Then experimentation is used to test that hypothesis. The results are analysed, a conclusion is drawn, sometimes a theory is formed, and results are communicated through research papers.