Experiments are the step in the scientific method that arbitrates between competing models or hypotheses. Experimentation is also used to test existing theories or new hypotheses in order to support them or disprove them. An experiment or test can be carried out using the scientific method to answer a question or investigate a problem. First an observation is made. Then a question is asked, or a problem arises. Next, a hypothesis is formed. Then experimentation is used to test that hypothesis. The results are analysed, a conclusion is drawn, sometimes a theory is formed, and results are communicated through research papers.